Vandana Advanced Diagnostic Centre
This test measures bone density, and can be useful in diagnosing osteoporosis (thinning
of the bones).
What is DEXA?
DEXA is an acronym for Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry, or Dual Energy X-ray Densitometry.
DEXA uses low-energy X-rays to measure the density of bones. When measuring bone
density, the DEXA scan is usually performed on the lower spine, hip and wrist. A
DEXA scan provides more detailed information than a standard X-ray.
DEXA imaging services include bone mineral scanning and diagnostic testing for osteoporosis.
Colposcopy is a much sensitive method compared to cytology, especially in the higher
grade lesion of squamous epithelium and plays an important role in down staging
of cervical cancer.
An important reason for the sharply higher cervical cancer incidence in developing
countries is the lack of effective screening programs aimed at detecting and treating
Colposcopy also can be used to detect inflammatory or infectious changes, harmless
or cancerous growths, and traumatic injuries to the cervix, vagina, and vulva.
» Cervical cancer
» Used as a follow–up procedure to give
a magnified view of an abnormal area seen during an earlier gynecological examination.
» During colposcopy, a biopsy of the cervix
can be taken.
Biopsy: If any abnormalities appear, the doctor will take a biopsy. A directed biopsy
for definitive histological diagnosis could be performed if required, then and there.
Colposcopy is generally a safe and painless procedure.
This can be done on outpatient basis. The lesion could be visualized instantaneously
for the patient – that is without a worry and/or a wait.
While conventional x-ray utilises the effect of x-ray radiation passing through
the human body on screen films to produce images, the use of film was eliminated
in digital x-ray by substitution with sensitive photostimulable phosphor plates
These plates, when inserted into digitiser unit produce high-resolution x-ray images,
which could be viewed on a workstation monitor. The new technology substantially
reduces the patient exposure to radiation, while improving the resolution and offers
the flexibility of processing or transmitting the images digitally. Advantages include
time efficiency through bypassing chemical processing and the ability to digitally
transfer and enhance images.
Digital X-ray at Vandana Women’s Hospital provides round the clock services i.e.
24 hrs a day, 365 days in year to its clients.
Laboratories Services at Vandana Women’s Hospital, Allahabad, have been established
with a view to provide wide range of Laboratory investigations, necessary for patient
care. It consists of disciplines of Biochemistry, Clinical Pathology, Haematology,
Immunology, Microbiology and Cytopathology. All these disciplines provide qualitative
and quantitative analysis of biological fluids such as blood, serum of plasma, tissue,
urine, stool, CSF etc. for specific constituents to support Clinicians in the practice
of medicine. The greatest emphasis has been given to ensure accuracy, precision
reproducibility and speedy reporting.
The laboratories are equipped with state of the art equipment such fully automatic
chemistry analyser, two semi automatic chemistry analyzer, two digital flame photometer,
fully automatic Vidas PC (for hormonal analysis), Blood Gas Analyzer, Cell Counter,
We also provide sample collection from home to our patients within the city limits.
The Laboratories at Vandana Women’s Hospital provides round the clock services i.e.
24 hrs a day, 365 days in year to its clients.
The Ultrasound department of the Vandana Women’s Hospital is a state - of - art
the department equipped with latest colour Doppler machines to take care of large
volume of work.
The department has a total of 4 high end colour Doppler machines and one used for
Ultrasonography for Abdomen, Kidneys, gynaecology, obstetrics and cardiology including
2D echo, Colour Doppler, 3D ultrasound, follicular monitoring, amino infusion, USG
guided diagnostics support services are done regularly. The department is fully
» Routine & high resolution ultrasound
of Abdomen, Kidneys, Gynaecology & Obstetrics.
» Three dimensional Ultrasound
» Colour and power Doppler of whole body
including peripheral vascular colour Doppler.
» Musculoskeletal and Gastro Internal
» Interventional procedures (like biopsies
and aspiration) are done, which often avoids major surgeries.
» The procedures are done in a well equipped
room with facilities for monitoring patient during the procedure.
» High end colour Doppler machine is available
for portable ultrasound to serve the patients at their bed side.
» USG centre at Vandana Women’s Hospital
provides round the clock services i.e. 24 hrs a day, 365 days in year to its clients.
Digital Mammography is now available at "Breast Clinic" for complete breast examination
and early detection of breast cancer.
Mammography is a specific type of imaging that uses a low-dose x-ray system to examine
breasts. A mammography exam, called a mammogram, is used to aid in the early detection
and diagnosis of breast diseses in women. Mammograms are used as a screening tool
to detect and dignose breast disese in women experiencing no symptoms such as a
lump, pain or nipple discharge.
Mammography plays a centeral part in early detection of breast cancers because it
can show changes in the breast up to two years before a patient or physician can
feel them. Current guidlines recommend screening mammography every year for women,
beginning at age 40.
Indications for Mammography
» Screening asymptomatic women
» Diagnostic mammography is symptomatic
» Breast lump
» Nipple discharge/retraction
» Paget's disease
» Follow up of post mastectomy
» Follow up partial mastectomy
» Strong family history
of breast cancer
» Reassurance in cancerophobic
» Large pendulous breast
difficult to evaluate clinically
» Upto 40years - No screening
» 40-49years - every 1 to 2years
» 50years and above - every year
» Annual physical examination
» If the patient has 1st degree relative
with breast cancer the screening must be started 10 years earlier
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
What is MRI?
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive medical test that helps physicians
diagnose and treat medical conditions. MR imaging uses a powerful magnetic field,
radio frequency pulses and a computer to produce detailed pictures of organs, soft
tissues, bone and virtually all other internal body structures.
What are some common uses of the procedure?
» Organs of the chest and abdomen—including
the heart, liver, biliary tract, kidneys, spleen, bowel, pancreas and adrenal glands.
» Pelvic organs including the reproductive
organs in the male (prostate and testicles) and the female (uterus, cervix and ovaries).
» Blood vessels (MR Angiography)
Physicians use the MR examination to help diagnose or monitor treatment for conditions
» Tumors of the chest, abdomen or pelvis.
» Certain types of heart problems.
» Blockages or enlargements of blood vessels,
including the aorta, renal arteries, and arteries in the legs.
» Diseases of the liver, such as cirrhosis,
and that of other abdominal organs, including the bile ducts, gallbladder, and pancreatic
» Diseases of the small intestine, colon,
» Cysts and solid tumors in the kidneys
and other parts of the urinary tract.
» Tumors and other abnormalities of the
reproductive organs (e.g., uterus, ovaries, testicles, prostate).
» Causes of pelvic pain in women, such
as fibroids, endometriosis and adenomyosis.
» Suspected uterine congenital abnormalities
in women undergoing evaluation for infertility.
» Breast cancer and implants.
How does the procedure work?
Unlike conventional x-ray examinations and computed tomography (CT) scans, MRI does
not depend on ionizing radiation. Instead, while in the magnet, radio waves redirect
the axes of spinning protons, which are the nuclei of hydrogen atoms, in a strong
The magnetic field is produced by passing an electric current through wire coils
in most MRI units. Other coils, located in the machine and in some cases, placed
around the part of the body being imaged, send and receive radio waves, producing
signals that are detected by the coils.
A computer then processes the signals and generates a series of images each of which
shows a thin slice of the body. The images can then be studied from different angles
by the interpreting physician.
Overall, the differentiation of abnormal (diseased) tissue from normal tissues is
often better with MRI than with other imaging modalities such as x-ray, CT and ultrasound.
What are the benefits ?
» MRI is a noninvasive imaging technique
that does not involve exposure to ionizing radiation.
» MR images of the soft-tissue structures
of the body—such as the heart, liver and many other organs— is more likely in some
instances to identify and accurately characterize diseases than other imaging methods.
This detail makes MRI an invaluable tool in early diagnosis and evaluation of many
focal lesions and tumors.
» MRI has proven valuable in diagnosing
a broad range of conditions, including cancer, heart and vascular disease, and muscular
and bone abnormalities.
» MRI enables the discovery of abnormalities
that might be obscured by bone with other imaging methods.
» MRI allows physicians to assess the
biliary system noninvasively and without contrast injection.
» The contrast material used in MRI exams
is less likely to produce an allergic reaction than the iodine-based contrast materials
used for conventional x-rays and CT scanning.
» MRI provides a noninvasive alternative
to x-ray, angiography and CT for diagnosing problems of the heart and blood vessels.
What are the limitations of MRI?
» High-quality images are assured only
if you are able to remain perfectly still or hold your breath, if requested to do
so, while the images are being recorded. If you are anxious, confused or in severe
pain, you may find it difficult to lie still during imaging.
» A person who is very large may not fit
into the opening of a conventional MRI machine.
» The presence of an implant or other
metallic object sometimes makes it difficult to obtain clear images and patient
movement can have the same effect.
» Breathing may cause artifacts, or image
distortions, during MRIs of the chest, abdomen and pelvis. Bowel motion is another
source of motion artifacts in abdomen and pelvic MRI studies. This is less of a
problem with state-of-the art scanners and techniques.
» Although there is no reason to believe
that magnetic resonance imaging harms the fetus, pregnant women usually are advised
not to have an MRI exam unless medically necessary.
» MRI may not always distinguish between
cancer tissue and edema fluid.
» MRI typically costs more and may take
more time to perform than other imaging modalities.